What to Do About a Cyst in Ovary

Cyst in Ovary

Ovarian cysts are usually relatively common during a woman’s ovulation phase. They typically come and go away all on their own. Most of the time a woman may not even realize she has one or more because the harmless types often do not cause pain or any other symptom.

type of cysts

The ovaries are a major part of a female’s reproductive system. They are positioned at either side of the uterus in a woman’s lower abdomen. Each ovary produces eggs and the hormones progesterone and estrogen. Occasionally, a cyst in ovary develops and is often nothing to worry about. It only raises concern if a woman begins to notice she is bloated, nauseous, has pain during sex or during bowel movements.


When a woman is about to ovulate and egg develops in the follicle sac of the inside of one of the ovaries. The follicle or sac breaks open and then releases the egg so it can be fertilized or not during that particular cycle. If the follicle fails to open the fluid inside it may form a cyst in ovary.

Type Of Cysts

The types of cysts that can develop include dermoid cysts, functional cysts and endometrioma cysts. The most common are the functional cysts and usually disappear on their own without any treatment or even noticeable symptoms.

Sometimes it can take several months for larger cysts to disappear. They are commonly found during physical exams. A doctor can let a woman know if the cyst is of concern or not. Most of the time they are not, but if they grow or fail to disappear, a obgyn doctor may need to remove them by surgical means or by treating the woman with birth control pills.

Cysts And Infertility

In more extreme cases a woman may notice symptoms and visit her doctor to find out the cause. If she experiences pain or vomiting, spotting, or irregular bleeding, it could indicate that a cyst has ruptured. When cysts become problematic, they can lead to a woman’s infertility.

A woman can stay on top of mild cysts which do not cause any symptoms by visiting her doctor once a year for a check-up. There are rare cases when cysts can be a cause for concern. There are some women who experience polycystic ovary syndrome and have trouble getting pregnant. There are also some women who are diagnosed with cancer following the detection of cysts.

Finally, it is not uncommon for a pregnant woman to get cysts. The most common type of cyst in pregnancy is the dermoid cyst. These are also usually nothing to worry about and will go away on their own.

If a woman ever experiences a sudden bout of severe pain in the lower abdomen it could indicate that a cyst has ruptured. This may require surgery immediately as well as pain control medications. When a woman has the knowledge of cysts and when to worry or be concerned about them she can take greater proactive action for her health.

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