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What Is Obstetrics And What Do Obstetricians Do

Are you wondering what is obstetrics? The first thing you should know is that obstetrics is it is a branch of medicine that deals with pregnancy, as well as its associated complications and procedures. Obstetricians are the ones that work in this field. Here are some of the procedures and functions involved with obstetrics.

Assist In Normal Delivery

Obstetricians assist in the steps involved with delivering a baby. They also work alongside midwives to assist in obstetrics near menormal delivery during labor, and they monitor the process. As you progress through the stages of giving birth, the obstetrician will monitor you to ensure everything is going as it should.

Facilitating Delivery

Obstetricians also perform procedures that facilitate delivery. For example, they may perform an episiotomy, which involves cutting over the perineum, but in a strategic way. This procedure enlarges the woman’s birth canal, which facilitates delivery. If this procedure is necessary, then the obstetrician will let you know more about what happens during it.

Assistance In Prolonged Labor

If a woman is experiencing prolonged labor, then an obstetrician may be called up because they will be able to speed the process up. In turn, this can reduce fetal distress, as well as maternal fatigue. The techniques involved with this may include performing a vacuum assisted delivery or via forceps delivery.


Complications can occur during labor and when they do, the best course of action may be to perform a cesarean section, or C-Section for short. This is a procedure that is aimed at reducing such complications and it involves removing the baby from the womb, surgically. Such complications that may require a C-Section includes ones that may cause injury to the baby or death.

Ectopic Pregnancy

This type of pregnancy happens when an ovum is implanted some place other than where it’s supposed to be, which is the womb. In many cases, the fertilized ovum is implanted in the fallopian tubes. An obstetrician can diagnose this type of pregnancy and they can provide you with the necessary treatment. Before serious harm can be done, the health professional will take steps and provide you with treatment.


Obstetricians can also diagnose congenital abnormalities of the baby, while they are in the womb. This includes detecting Down Syndrome. They do this by using certain techniques and by using ultrasound.

They can check on the well being of the fetal by using an ultrasound. Obstetricians can also detect pregnancy and provide advice on how to proceed and care for yourself and your child. They are able to advice on what type of contraception you can take, as well as fit you with an IUCD, which is a contraceptive device. Keep in mind that these are only a few of the many things they can do.

Choose The Right Obstetrician

Now you know the answer to the question of what is obstetrics. If you become pregnant, it is important to choose a qualified and experienced obstetrician to provide you care throughout your pregnancy. As you can see, there is a lot involved with this branch of woman medicine.

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